This report contains the findings of a three-year evaluation of UNHCR’s engagement in humanitarian-development cooperation. As part of this nexus approach, UNHCR takes on many roles: it acts as a catalyst for development engagement on forced displacement; leverages the influence of development actors for protection and policy advocacy with governments; gradually links services for refugees with national systems; and expands its support for refugee self-reliance. The evaluation was commissioned by UNHCR to support recent high-level policy developments and initiatives, such as the 2016 Global Compact on Refugees, which encourage a more comprehensive response to displacement involving both humanitarian and development actors. UNHCR plays a key role in implementing this reform agenda.
Level of Cooperation
The evaluation found a consistent perception among interviewees that UNHCR’s engagement in humanitarian-development cooperation has increased over the past five years. During that time, UNHCR has systematically built partnerships with a number of multilateral and bilateral development actors. Its partnership with the World Bank Group is exemplary and shapes UNHCR’s narrative on and approach to humanitarian-development cooperation. Cooperation with the EU, the OECD and some bilateral development actors has also become more systematic. UNHCR’s cooperation with individual UN agencies has also increased, but its engagement has been less systematic with the UN development system as a whole, as well as with other multilateral development banks, NGOs and the private sector.
In practice, UNHCR has provided vital support to development actors’ program planning and implementation.